A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions.
As Egypt gained more prosperity, burial practices became a status symbol for the wealthy as well.
This cultural hierarchy lead to the creation of elaborate tombs, and more sophisticated methods of embalming.
By utilizing current advancements in technology, scientists have been able to uncover a plethora of new information about the techniques used in mummification.
A series of CT scans performed on a 2,400-year-old mummy in 2008 revealed a tool that was left inside the cranial cavity of the skull.
The tool was a rod, made of an organic material, that was used to break apart the brain to allow it to drain out of the nose.
This discovery helped to dispel the claim within Herodotus' works that the rod had been a hook made of iron.Earlier experimentation in 1994 by researchers Bob Brier and Ronald Wade supported these findings.While attempting to replicate Egyptian mummification, Brier and Wade discovered that removal of the brain was much easier when the brain was liquefied and allowed to drain with the help of gravity, as opposed to trying to pull the organ out piece-by-piece with a hook.Also applied to the frozen carcase of an animal imbedded in prehistoric snow".Wasps of the genus Aleiodes are known as "mummy wasps" because they wrap their caterpillar prey as "mummies".Much of this early experimentation with mummification in Egypt is unknown.